“The unshakable faith is a fortified tower and Christ helps the one who believes”
The Biografy of The Blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Valeriu Anania
IPS Bartolomeu Valeriu Anania
1921 - 2011
1921- the18th of March : was born Valeriu Anania, in Glăvile village, Vâlcea district, the son of Vasile and Ana,who was born Mărgăritărescu.
1927-1933- he followed the Primary School in the natal village
1933-1941- he is schoolboy of the Central Seminary in Bucharest
1935- he made his debut as poet with the poem “Earth and Heaven” in theological journal: “The Orthodoxy”. He will collaborate, in time, with other theological journals :”The Romanian Orthodox Church”, “Theological Studies”,” Oltenia Metropolitan”/Craiova, “The Church Voice”, ”The Romanian Telegraph”/Sibiu , the almanac and journal :” The Faith”/Detroit, “Rebirth”/Cluj-Napoca, “The Orthodoxy’s Herald”, “Deisis”/Regensburg, “The Candle of Moldova”/ Iași
1938- the 26th of November : he made his dramaturgic debut with the radio screenplay in verse “ The snowflakes’s play”, in stage directed by Atanasie Mitric. The same play with the décor adapted by Eugenia Brebenaru is performed on the stage of Romanian Opera in February 1939. Unpublished play.
1939- the 11th of May: A team of amateurs performed the piece in verses “ At the pitchfore ” on the Theatre of Cultural League’s scene, in the author’s stage direction. Unpublished play.
1940- March : It was performed the dramatic poem “Dochia” at The “ National Studio” Theatre from Bucharest, stage directed by Nicolae Kirilov. Unpublished play.
1942- the 2nd of February: He was made monk at the Antim Monastery, and received the name “Bartolomeu”
1942-1943- he followed courses of difference and took his Baccalaureate Exam at “Dimitrie Cantemir” High-School, and “Mihai Viteazu” High-School.
1943- July : he would met Victor Papillian at Sibiu
1941-1948- he followed superior courses at the Theological Institute from Bucharest, Cluj, and Sibiu. He was graduating in Theology at the Theological Institute from Sibiu
1945-1946- incompletely studies of medicine at Cluj and Sibiu and of instrumental music at Cluj . Here he is an active participant at the literary group managed by Victor Papillian, reactivated in the house of the orthodox archpriest Florea Muresanu; he met the dramatist Ion Luca ,and they would be good friends between 1951-1955, when Ion Luca resided at Vatra Dornei.
1946- He listened Gala Galaction , the priest Grigore Pisculescu in fact, at Cluj , at a literary event. Then he would met again Gala Galaction in Bucharest.
1947- July-December : he is The Toplita Monastery’s Abbot
1948- Autumn: He met the Patriarch Justinian at Bistrita Monastery from Valcea, and they would work closely together about 25th years.
1948-1949- He occupied the position of superintendent for the Patriarchal Palace
1949-1950- He is the patriarchal inspector for the religious education.
1950-1951- He is teacher assistant at the Department of Universal Religious History, which belong to the Theological Institute from Bucharest, he had professor Teodor M. Popescu as coordinator.
1951-1952- He is Dean of the Centre for Missionary and Social Guidance of Clergy, at Curtea de Arges, where he teaches Religious History and Homiletics.
1952- He met Vasile Voiculescu
1952-1958- He was the Director of the Patriarchal Library
1956- the 14th of August died Victor Papillian
1958- He is political condemned for 25 years of forcible work for intrigue against social order, jailed in Security, Jilava, Pitesti, and Aiud. He was liberated from prison after six years and two months, in 1964, by a general decree.
1962-1964- During his detention, at Aiud, he “wrote” on his brain and fixes in memory the plays “Urus’s Star”, “Master Manole”, and other numerous poems, it total over 10000 verses.
1963- the 26th of April died Vasile Voiculescu.
1964-1965- He is named, again, director of the Patriarchal Library
1965-1976- He works for Romanian Orthodox Missionary Archepiscopate from America and Canada as diocesan secretary , cultural aide, general secretary of the Church’s Congress, director of the diocesan Chancery , director of the Publishing Department, representative of interchurch relationships, member of two commissions of the Permanent Conference of Orthodox Bishops from Nord and South America: “The Ecumenical Commission” and “The Studies and Projects Commission”. He holds conferences in Detroit, Chicago, Windsor, and Honolulu. Editor at “The Faith” journal and the literary cassette “We”.
1966- His debut with the dramatic poem “Miorița”, the volume is published with a “preface “/predoslovie by Tudor Arghezi.
1967- the 14th of July died Tudor Arghezi
1967-1968- “Barbu Delavrancea” Theatre from Bucharest performs the dramatic poem “Miorita”, stage direction and scene painting being underwrite by Marietta Sadova, Mircea Marosin, Zoe Anghel-Stanca.
1968- it appears the dramatic poem, in verses “Master Manole”, Publishing for Literature, Bucharest
1969- January : the dramatic poem “Miorita” is broadcasted on TV (Romanian Television)
1970- April: “Al. Davila” Theatre from Pitesti performed the dramatic poem “Miorita”, in stage direction of Constantion Dinischiotu
1971- the volume of verses “Genesis” is published by “Romanian book” Publishing, Bucharest
1972– the 30th of January : died the dramatist Ion Luca
1973-1974- the Dramatic Theatre from Baia Mare performed the dramatic poem “Aurochs’s star”
1975- November : the dramatic poem “Aurochs’s star” is broadcasted on Romanian Television
1976- it appears the volume ‘Files of Akathist “ , verses, the collection “We”, bibliofila edition, horse commerce, Detroit
1976-1982- he is the director of the Romanian Orthodox Church’s Missionary and Biblical Institute
1977- the 27th of March : died the Patriarch Justinian Marina
1978- he becomes member of the Writers’s Union from Romania
1979- it appears the novel “The strangers from Kipukua” at Romanian Book Publishing
1981- it appears the 2nd edition of the volume “Files of Akathist“at the Missionary and Biblical Institute’s Publishing of the Romanian Orthodox Church, Bucharest
1982- it appears “The weight of the earth” , a pentalogy of the Romanian myth, in the series “ Commented theatre” in two volumes at the Eminescu Publishing
1983- it appears the memorial volume “The burning poplars’ rotunda”, Romanian Book Publishing, Bucharest
1984- the volume “Anamnesis”, verses, Eminescu Publishing, Bucharest
1989- Romanian Radio records the long poem “Hymn to Eminescu”, but the censorship forbids the broadcast, which will take place on the 16th of January 1990.
1990- it appears the iconographic history and exegesis volume “Olt’s Heavens”. Archimandrite Bartolomeu’s comments on the photographic images made by Dumitru F. Dumitru, the Archiepiscopate of Ramnicu Valcea and Arges’ Publishing, with versions in Romanian, French, and English.
1991- he is chosen Honorary President of “ The Saint Antim Ivireanu” Foundation from Ramnicu Valcea
1992- it is published the volume “Pro memory. Catholic’s action in the interwar Romania”, Biblical and Missionary Institute’s Publishing of the Romanian Orthodox Church.
1993- the 21st of January :Church Electoral College chooses Archimandrite Bartolomeu Anania for the Archbishop chair of Vad, Feleac and Cluj
1995- it appears the second edition of the New Testament . A revised version, redacted and commented by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Anania, appears at The Biblical and Missionary Institute’s Publishing of the Romanian Orthodox Church, Bucharest
1996- Iov’s Book. A revised version after Septuaginta, redacted and commented by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Anania, Anastasia Publising, Bucharest
1997- it appears the Pentateuch, or “The five books of Moise”. A revised version after Septuaginta, redacted and commented by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Anania, The Biblical and Missionary Institute’s Publishing of the Romanian Orthodox Church, Bucharest.
1998- the book of psalms or The prophet and king David’s Psalter A revised version after Septuaginta, redacted and commented by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Anania, Arhidiecezana Publishing, Cluj Napoca
1999- the book of the prophet Isaiah. A revised version after Septuagint, redacted and commented by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Anania, Anastasia Publishing, Bucharest
2000- it is published the volume:“The poetry of the Old Testament”: Iov’s book; Psalter Solomon’s proverbs; The ecclesiast; The song of Songs; Jeremiah’s complaints. A revised version after Septuagint, redacted and commented by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Anania, The Biblical and Missionary Institute’s Publishing of the Romanian Orthodox Church, Bucharest.
2001- The 18th of March :his birthday, he celebrates 80 years, a moment marked by editing the reverential volume “Logos”-an edition attempted by archdeacon Stefan Iloaie- through printing the CD “The Archbishop”- made by Radu Preda, and by an anniversary spectacle performed on the “National Theatre” from Cluj Napoca
2002- it is published the volume “The living water of Orthodoxy”, Rebirth Publishing, Cluj Napoca, which contains speeches, articles, and the pastoral letters from 1993-2001 emitted by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu during these years; attempted edition by Nicoleta Palimaru and Maria-Elena Gangiu.
2003- it appears the work “Biblical atelier. Notebooks for work”-Rebirth Publishing, Cluj Napoca- representing the analytical and comparative work on the different text variants, at the New Testament, by which resulted the published version in the Jubilee Bible .
2004- it appears the work “The Great Canon of Andrei Criteanu” , attempted by the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu Valeriu Anania.
2005- he receives the title “honorary citizen” from the local council of Dej
2006- Following the decision of the Romanian Orthodox Church’Saint Synod from the 4th of November 2005 for establish a Metropolitan Church at Cluj, initiative validated by the National Church Meeting at the 1st of March 2006, the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu is settled Metropolitan of Cluj, Alba, Crisana and Maramures -at the 25th of March, the Feast of the by Teoctist, The Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The next months the metropolitan has a concrete implication in the dynamic activity of religious life in the new church structure.
2007- He receives from the “Clujeanul” editor’s office the title and diploma “Cluj citizen of the year 2006”
2008- on the National Theatre’s stage it take place the Inauguration Gala of the “Metropolitan Bartolomeu “ Foundation, institution which has the aim in offering studies grants in country or abroad to the worthy children with good results and reduces financial possibilities teenagers.
2009- Doctor Honoris Causa al Universităţii de Medicină şi Farmacie „Gr. T. Popa” din Iaşi.
2010- he receives the title “ Senior of thecity” from the Cluj Primary .
2011- The 31st of January he passed into eternity, at Cluj-Napoca
The biography of the blessed Archbishop and Metropolitan Andrei
IPS Arhiepiscop și Mitropolit Andrei
1. The blessed Archbishop and Metropolitan Andrei
The blessed Archbishop and Metropolian Andrei, the Archbishop of Vad, Feleac, and Cluj, and Metropolitan of Cluj, Alba, Crisana, and Maramures, was born at the 24th of January 1949, in the he village Oarța de Sus, the district of Maramureș, from parents Andrei and Elena, and he was the first of their three children. He attended the high-school in Cehul Silvaniei and the courses of the Faculty of Building and Railway in Bucharest (between 1967-1972). After graduation he was started to work as engineer at the Society of Railway Building in Cluj-Napoca.
Beginning with 1976 he attended the courses of the Theologic Institute in Sibiu, and was graduated in 1978. In August 1978 he was ordinate into becoming priest by the blessed Bishop Teofil Herineanu, Archbishop of Cluj, and after that, he had worked as priest for seven years in Turda.
In Autumn 1985 he was displaced at Romanian Orthodox Parish Maieri I from Alba Iulia, and then he was named vicar-administrative at the request of the blessed Bishop Emilian Birdaș. He attended the doctorate courses /PhD student at the Theologic Institute in Bucharest (beginning with 1985 year) and had the Archdeacon Professor Dr. Petru I. David as tutor. The doctorate thesis was prepared in the same ward-Sisthematic Theology, with tutoriat from Dumitru Popescu, and he obtain the title of “Doctor in Theology” in 1998.
Beginning with 1990 he was chosen abd ordinated into becoming vicar-bishop for Alba Iulia Episcopate, and from June (the same year) he become titular bishop. In 1998 Alba Iulia Episcopate was raised at the level of Archepiscopate and its titular at the level of Archbishop.
Simultaneous with his administrative activity, he get involved in the spiritual and didactic projects also. In this way, he established the Orthodox Theologic High-School “Metropolitan Simion Ștefan” from Alba Iulia, and he was one of the founders of “The 1stDecember 1918 University” from Alba Iulia doing the intercessions for establishing the Faculty of Theology from Alba Iulia in 1991. He taught Orthodox Morality and Spirituality at this Faculty. Between 2000-2008 he was the Faculty of Theology’s Dean.
The 18th of March, 2011, the Saint Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church chose the blessed Archbishop Andrei in the vacant seat of Archbishop and Metropolitan of Cluj, and he was named Archbishop and Metropolitan of Cluj, in the metropolitan Cathedral from Cluj-Napoca, at the feast of “The good annunciation” when it actualized five years from the establishing of the Metropolitan of Cluj,Alba, Crisana, Maramures and from the installation of Archbishop and Metropolitan Bartolomeu. The Romanian Presidency conferred the National Order “For Virtue”, the level “Grand Officer” at the 1stDecember 2002, for the undertaken activity in the benefit of the Church and country.
Pentru activitatea depusă în slujba Bisericii şi a ţării, la 1 Decembrie 2002, Preşedinţia României i-a conferit Ordinul Naţional „Pentru Merit” în gradul de „Mare Ofiţer”.
He was chosen member of the “Academy of Science and Arts” from Salzburg (Austria), in February.
2. The Cultural Activity
In the cultural outline we mwtione the establishment of the Romanian Orthodox Archepiscopate of Alba Iulia’s Tipography and “Reintegration Publisher”, establishment of the readership “The Ancestor faith” ( the cultural and press organ of Archepiscopate of Alba Iulia), and of Faculty of Theology’s journal “The Reintegration Altar”.
Under his coordination it was republished “The Chant from Alba Iulia 1652” (at 350 years from the first edition), it was republished The New Testament from Bălgrad from 1648(in critic edition also) The Archbishop Andrei offered numerous cultural and spiritual conferences (in Bucharest, Sibiu, Targu-Mures, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Arad, Iasi, Oradea, Alba Iulia etc.) and he took part in numerous TV-broadcastes ( at national and local television post). He is the permanent producer of radio broadcast “The Bishop’s word” at “Reunification Radio” Alba Iulia.
He initiated and organized several international scientific symposiums at the Faculty of Theology from Alba Iulia: “Violence in the name of God? A cristian answer (2002)”; “ Church in the globalization era” (2003); “Spirituality and consumerism in the United Europe” (2004); “ The cultural man in front of dechristening” (2005) ;“Christian identity and dialog in the new European context” (2006); “The Universe between beauty and apocalyptic. An ethic appeal upon the ecology.” (2007);” The sense of life, suffering, and death”(2008); “Liberty and responsibility. Initiatives and limits in religious dialog”(2009);”Invasion of the non-values into a multimedia world”(2010)
3. The pastoral-missionary activity
During the 21st years of pastoration by the blessed Archbishop Andrei Andreicut in the Romanian Orthodox Archepiscopate in Alba Iulia, there was build up 120 new churches ( 40 are in process of finalizing), there was painted (or beneficied of painting restoration) 160 churches (including the Archiepiscopate Cathedral from Alba Iulia), and there were build up new 70 parish-houses. It was established The Orthodox Theologic Seminar “Metropolitan Simion Stefan” from Alba Iulia. It was established The Orthodox Christian Radio “Reunification” Alba Iulia, patronized by the Romanian Orthodox Archiepiscopate of Alba Iulia, and was build the new building of the Faculty of Theology, The 1st December University, Alba Iulia (this imply an amount of 3 millions Euro). There was established 45 new monasters and convents in these two districts ( Alba and Mures) from Archiepiscopate Alba Iulia’s territory.
In the social assistance field , His Grace, Andrei, made the first structure of social-assistance in Romanian Orthodox Church, at Alba Iulia, subsequently this being an eparhial system with a large number of branches in Romania, which contains today 70 units if social-assistence, all of this under the church patronage (orphanages, nursing home, social canteens, medical offices etc.).
4. Publishing activity
His Grace, Andrei Andreicut, in his theological preoccupations he harps on the orthodox spirituality, and beside the 50th studies and articles which he has published in the scientific and specialized journals , he wrote 13 books, another two was translated from French to Romanian, and he made numerous brochures for missionary interess. He published hundreds of articles in different journals and church newspapers or laich and numerous prefaces, for different religious and cultural books. He coordinates the “Spiritualy Fountains” collection which embodied 15 volumes to the present.
The biography of His Grace Vasile Somesanul
His Grace Vasile Someșanul
He saw the day’s light at 30th December 1948, in Cluj, from parents Constantin and Rosalia Flueraș, a family of workers, deeply rooted in the Mănăștur village (today the quarter with the same name- Mănăștur).
He went to the primary school in Mănăștur (1955-1962), then to the “Professional school 16 February” Cluj-Napoca (1962-1965). After his graduation he accepted the terms of employment at Uzina “16 February”, he worked as turner in metallurgy for seven years (1965-1972). In the same time he followed the courses at Nr. 12 High-School, Cluj, (1965-1971), when he took the Baccalaureate exam.
He made the military service between 1968-1970. He felt the wish for approaching himself with the Church in the Autumn 1968m after he visited the monasteries from Olt Valley,then he was guided in spiritual life by parish priest Romul Popa.
The 1972 year was crucial for his life: he matriculated at the Theologic Institute from Sibiu with Universitar level (1972-1976), where he was graduated in Theology in 1976 with the work: “Social problems in cappadocian Fathers’s writings”, which belong to the Byzantinology Department, under the coordination of Priest Professor Dr. Teodor Bodogae.
The 27th of November 1976 he was ordinated into becoming bachelor priest for Tureni parish, deanery Turda, district Cluj, by the blessed vicar-bishop Justinian Chira Maramureșanul. At once he was transferred (the 1st of January 1977) as service priest for “The Saint Apostles Petru and Pavel” parish, in Grigorescu quarter, Cluj-Napoca. After several months (in august 1977) he was named service priest at “The Saint Apostles Peter and Paul” in Mănăștur quarter, Cluj-Napoca.
The people from these parishes where he had serviced, known him as a mild priest, with vocation, wise, modest, a good collegue for the brothers priests, balanced, merciful, kindhearted, forgiving, confessor, with an exemplar moral life. He was remarked in the circle of priests from Cluj due to these qualities, and he was asked for spiritual problems, for the schoolboys from Orthodox Seminary, Cluj-Napoca. The blessed Archbishop Teofil Herineanu gave him the churches distinction of “steward” for the distinguished missionary-pastoral activity (in 1987).
In 1990 year, he was assistant-confessor at the Orthodox Theologic Institute with universitar level from Cluj-Napoca, (today the Faculty of Orthodox Theology) being a model priest for students.
He was made monk at “Saint John the Baptist” Monastery from Alba Iulia, at the 25th of March 1995, having as nose monk the blessed bishop Andrei from the same town.
From the 1st of October 1991 to February 1994 he listened the abbot at Nicula Monastery. He distinguished himself in front of the monastic community through goodness, wisely patience and personal example.
The blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu named him “eclesiarh” in the Archepiscopate Cathedral in Cluj Napoca and “exarh” of the monasteries from Episcopate of Vad, Feleac and Cluj. Then he was ordain into becoming “archimandrite”.
Due to the suggestion of the blessed Archbishop Bartolomeu, in the summer of 1998, he was named Vicar-Bishop of Cluj Episcopate and ordained into Bishop by the Holiness Teoctist on the 15th of August 1998, at the Nicula Monastery, together with The Blessed Bishop Andrei, The blessed Vicar-Bishop Irineu surrounded by a synod of priests and deacons.
He published religious articles in “The Rebirth” Cluj- Napoca.